Body language in sports

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Aristotle said that man is a “social animal” and a “linguistic animal”. This convention is so ingrained in our perception that it is hard to believe when psychologists claim that 90% of our communication is not verbal at all.

The meaning of this fact is simple: we communicate and transmit many messages, without uttering a word. Chazal (the ancient Talmudic sages) used to say that life and death are in the hands of the tongue, but as soon as we realize that 90% of our communication is non-verbal, we must also be aware of the messages we convey in our non-verbal communication and how they affect those around us.

How do athletes improve?

Players learn passing, kicking, shooting, attacking, stopping, changing direction, closing running lanes, and many other skills. As these abilities improve, they become better and more effective in the game. They improve these abilities for two reasons:

Nonverbal communication in sport.

If psychologists are not wrong and 90% of our communication is effectively non-verbal, why not apply the sports improvement method even in relation to non-verbal communication? After all, this is a critical skill for the strength of the team, which also affects the field during the game, during timeouts or breaks, in the locker room and in training. The use of non-verbal communication in the group occurs at each meeting of the team players and throughout the match. The responsibility of players and coaches is also, and perhaps above all, to be self-aware and learn to communicate in a positive way.

Negative body language and team composition.

I believe (mainly in the children’s and youth departments) that a team should let a player go, no matter how good he is, if he constantly “poisons” the group environment with negative body language. I also believe that a coach, no matter how good he is, whose body language often conveys negative messages to his players, should not coach children and adolescents.

universal body language

Studies indicate that body language is a universal language that crosses cultures, genders, or physical limitations. When a blind athlete wins a competition, for example, he raises his hands in the air and looks up, though he’s never seen anyone else express the joy of winning in this way. When that blind athlete loses, he composes himself, shoulders slumping, and his hands go up to his face in a grimace of pain. He try to remember how football fans respond to the loss of their team – that’s right, they all respond in the same way and “grab their heads” with both hands.

The myth of positive body language

There is a false myth that only players with positive body language walk upright, open their shoulders, look straight ahead and express their feelings with sudden and vigorous movements. This body language, the myth claims, expresses a winning attitude and can be seen looking at well-known winners like Michael Jordan, Zlatan Ibrahimovic and Cristiano Ronaldo. These players are a true model. But not for everyone.

Body Language Models

Each person is motivated by different motivations and the difference between people should be respected. Therefore, you also have to accept a different body language: less external, but present. This body language expresses calm and concentration on the action, and is clearly represented by the likes of Messi, Iniesta, Nowitzki and Tim Duncan. Does anyone suspect that Messi or Tim Duncan are not winners? Your teammates have come to know how you express positivity or winning attitude, just like the audience. There is a wide variety of legitimate positive non-verbal body language expressions, and every player can find what is right for them. What you can no longer do in modern sports is ignore his nonverbal communication, or be aware of his negative nonverbal communication, and stick with it nonetheless.

Active communication = cohesion

Try once to do the following experiment: watch a basketball game without sound and pay special attention to the non-verbal communication of the players. Before long you’ll notice how players communicate through physical gestures without words: you’ll often see a player raise his eyebrows to signal to his friend that he’s ready for a move. A point guard will turn his chest towards the player he wants to give the ball to, half a second before the actual shot, thus sending a message that he is ready. The chin and eyes also become effective communication tools when the hands are holding the ball. Notice how the shooter sticks his thumb up in the air to signal his thanks after a good assist, or the pats on the buttocks. All of these examples demonstrate the effectiveness and power of positive nonverbal communication. This type of communication attests to an understanding between the players and a high cohesion of the group. This good communication can also help an inferior team beat a better team.

Each individual’s body language is derived from their level of self-awareness, personality, and mental abilities. If you know how difficult it is to change physical habits in the game, such as keeping a low body, maintaining stability during the shot, and scanning the area before receiving the ball, you will understand how difficult it is to change the built-in subconscious patterns. – patterns of body language that we have become accustomed to.

How do you change negative body language?

When a coach or player feels that their body language is negative, they should change it. This change will not only improve the atmosphere in training and games, but it will also improve the team. Anyone who can receive support from a communication specialist psychologist should do so.

If you’re a coach and can’t assign players such a guard, you can still drive a trade process based on the following points:

  1. Psychological insight: Understanding the effect of a particular skill on your game creates the motivation to work hard and improve
  2. Physical practice – they work hard and thus improve
    1. Present the importance of team communication in the first training sessions
    2. Learn and diagnose, during the first training sessions, the body language of each player on your team
    3. When you summarize the training sessions, also refer to the energy level. Establish a rating scale for the energy level at which workouts should be performed. When the team fails to meet that rate, react decisively.
    4. Find videos of players with negative body language and players with positive body language. Show them to your players and analyze the feelings and messages they receive. In the first stage, third-party analyzes are most effective. Find varied examples and try to avoid classic and familiar ones, for example, Michael Jordan and Cristiano Ronaldo.
    5. Develop a mutual language with your players. After they identify with a player with positive body language, remind them during practice how the player behaves or is named after him.
    6. movie gamers who couldn’t make a change and edit the negative body language expressions to create a short clip. show them the video in private and discuss your feelings with them. Sometimes such a reflection would do the trick.
    7. Make it clear that they are allowed to feel “fake” at first. That the gap between what they feel and what they express is legitimate. However, what they express is more important because it affects the team.
    8. If the player has not been able to get rid of their negative body language, refer them to professional help and take a clear position on this issue.

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